Hello there, this is the second Spanish lesson. Previously we learned the cardinal and ordinal numbers from 1 to 100 in Spanish and this time we’ll be learning another easy topic: the colors in Spanish.
In this article I’m going to show you a list of the most common colors in Spanish, the gramatical rules to use them and other things you need to know so that you can use them correctly and do not commit grammar mistakes. Are you ready? Let’s start!
First of all, we have to mention that learning the colors is very important because they allow us to describe objects and even people, such as someone’s hair, eyes or skin color. Of course, it helps us if we want to buy something of an specific color. Imagine that you want to paint your house of light blue. To get the painting that you want, you have to communicate it to the sales person. So that’s why in this article we will show you everything you need to know about the colors in Spanish.
List of colors in Spanish and English – Los Colores
Below you have a list of the most common colors in Spanish and English.
|Café o Marrón||Brown|
|Celeste/Azul Claro||Light Blue|
- To say that a color is «light» we say «claro», for example azul claro (también llamado celeste; light blue), verde claro (light green).
- Furthermore, to say that a color is «dark» we use «oscuro», for example azul oscuro (dark blue), verde oscuro (dark green).
- If something doesn’t have color (ergo, colorless), we say «incoloro». for example «el agua es incolora» (water is colorless).
Most of the time the colors are used as adjetives, but in Spanish the adjetives are used after the noun (and not before as it happens in English). Example:
- El cielo azul. (the blue sky)
- La pelota roja. (The red ball)
- La manzana roja. (The red apple)
Colors can change according to gender and number
There’s a peculiarity about the colors in Spanish and it’s that they can change according to the gender and number of the noun. This is the reason why most of the colors have four forms: masculine singular (rojo), feminine singular (roja), masculine plural (rojos) and feminine plural (rojas). However, there are some that only change in number and not in genre: gris/grises, verde/verdes, azul/azules.
I will show you some sentences so that you realize better how the colors can change their form.
- El ventilador el rojo. (The fan is red)
- La falda es roja. (The skirt is red)
- Los bolígrafos son rojos. (The pens are red)
- Las manzanas son rojas. (The apples are red)
As you could see, the color «red» changed according to the gender and number of the noun: ventilador (masculine singular), falda (feminine singular), bolígrafos (masculine plural) and manzanas (feminine plural).
Other colors that have been taken from other languages (such as «beige») never change its form. Most of the time they are used with the noun «color»; singular: este zapato es color beige, plural: estos zapatos son color beige.
How to ask the color of something
So far, we have learned what are the most common colors in Spanish, how to write them and that the colors almost always can change according to gender and number, but how we can ask the color of something? Let’s figure out!
There are some ways to ask the color of something and it is related to the number of the plural, so if we are talking about one single thing we say «¿de qué color es…?, but if it’s more than two things we say «¿de qué color son…?». The only thing that changes is the verb «ser», which, obviously, can be conjugated in different verbal tenses.
1. ¿De qué color es tu camisa favorita?
(What color is your favorite shirt?)
2. ¿De qué color son los ojos de tu hija?
(What color are your daughter’s eyes?)
3. ¿De qué color es una sandía?
(What color is a watermelon?)
What about someone’s favorite color? In that case we ask «¿cuál es tu color favorito?» (for one) or «¿cuáles son tus colores favoritos?» (for two or more).
Sentences using the colors in Spanish
1. Recuerdo que mi color favorito cuando era niño era el amarillo.
(I remember that my favorite color, when I was a child, was yellow)
2. ¿Por qué pintaste tu casa de dorado?
(Why did you paint your house gold?)
3. ¿Por qué solo vistes camisas negras?
(Why do you only wear black shirts)
4. Los colores de la bandera de Estados Unidos son azul, rojo y blanco.
(The colors on the United States flag are blue, red and white)
5. El agua apta para el consumo humano debe ser insípida, inodora e incolora.
(Water suitable for human consumption must be tasteless, odorless and colorless)
I hope this article has been useful to you, in that case I would appreciate if you share it. Don’t leave without having a look at all my Spanish lessons by clicking here.