Everything you need to know about the colors in Spanish

Hello there, this is the second Spanish lesson. Previously we learned the cardinal and ordinal numbers from 1 to 100 in Spanish and this time we’ll be learning another easy topic: the colors in Spanish.

In this article, I’m going to show you an exhaustive colors in Spanish list, the grammatical rules to use them, and other things you need to know so that you can use them correctly and do not commit grammar mistakes. Are you ready? Let’s start!

First of all, we have to mention that learning all colors in Spanish is very important because they allow us to describe objects and even people, such as someone’s hair, eyes, or skin color. Of course, it helps us if we want to buy something of a specific color. Imagine that you want to paint your house light blue. To get the paint that you want, you have to communicate it to the salesperson. So that’s why in this article we will show you everything you need to know about the colors in Spanish.

Understanding All of the Colors in Spanish

Are you ready to dive into the vibrant world of all the colours in Spanish? Learning all the Spanish colours is not just about knowing the basic red, blue, and yellow. Spanish offers a rich palette of color expressions, including shades and variations that can truly bring your language skills to life.

Comprehensive Color List in Spanish and English – Los Colores

Below you have a comprehensive list of the most common colors in English and Spanish, which includes all colours in Spanish and their English translations.

COLORES
(ESPAÑOL)
COLORS
(ENGLISH)
RojoRed
Morado/PúrpuraPurple
AzulBlue
VerdeGreen
BlancoWhite
NegroBlack
AmarilloYellow
NaranjaOrange
GrisGray/Grey
RosadoPink
Café o MarrónBrown
Celeste/Azul ClaroLight Blue
DoradoGold
PlateadoSilver
LilaLilac
CremaCream
BeigeBeige
FucsiaFuchsia
(Spanish colors)

Discovering all the colors in Spanish is an adventure in itself. The language offers a plethora of expressions that can add flair and precision to your conversations. Whether you’re describing the deep café color in Spanish or the vibrant amarillo colour in Spanish, every shade has its place in the rich tapestry of Spanish vocabulary.

  • To say that a color is «light» we say «claro», for example azul claro (also called celeste; light blue), verde claro (light green).
  • Furthermore, to say that a color is «dark» we use «oscuro», for example azul oscuro (dark blue), verde oscuro (dark green).
  • If something doesn’t have color (ergo, colorless), we say «incoloro». for example «el agua es incolora» (water is colorless).
seguir leyendo:  Cardinal and ordinal numbers from 1 to 100 in Spanish

Most of the time the colors are used as adjectives, but in Spanish, the adjectives are used after the noun (and not before as it happens in English). Example:

  1. El cielo azul. (the blue sky)
  2. La pelota roja. (The red ball)
  3. La manzana roja. (The red apple)

Colors Can Change According to Gender and Number

There’s a peculiarity about the colors Spanish speakers use, and it’s that they can change according to the gender and number of the noun. This is the reason why most of the colors have four forms: masculine singular (rojo), feminine singular (roja), masculine plural (rojos), and feminine plural (rojas). However, there are some that only change in number and not in genre: gris/grises, verde/verdes, azul/azules—these are examples of the color plural in Spanish.

I will show you some sentences so that you realize better how the colors can change their form.

  • El ventilador es rojo. (The fan is red)
  • La falda es roja. (The skirt is red)
  • Los bolígrafos son rojos. (The pens are red)
  • Las manzanas son rojas. (The apples are red)

As you could see, the color «red» changed according to the gender and number of the noun: ventilador (masculine singular), falda (feminine singular), bolígrafos (masculine plural), and manzanas (feminine plural).

Other colors that have been taken from other languages (such as «beige») never change their form. Most of the time they are used with the noun «color»; singular: este zapato es color beige, plural: estos zapatos son color beige.

How to Ask the Color of Something in Spanish

So far, we have learned what are the most common colors spanish and english speakers use, how to write them, and that the colors almost always can change according to gender and number, but how can we ask the color of something? Let’s figure out!

There are some ways to ask the color of something, and it is related to the number of the plural, so if we are talking about one single thing we say «¿De qué color es…?», but if it’s more than two things we say «¿De qué color son…?». The only thing that changes is the verb «ser», which, obviously, can be conjugated in different verbal tenses.

seguir leyendo:  Cardinal and ordinal numbers from 1 to 100 in Spanish

1. ¿De qué color es tu camisa favorita?
(What color is your favorite shirt?)

2. ¿De qué color son los ojos de tu hija?
(What color are your daughter’s eyes?)

3. ¿De qué color es una sandía?
(What color is a watermelon?)

What about someone’s favorite color? In that case, we ask «¿Cuál es tu color favorito?» (for one) or «¿Cuáles son tus colores favoritos?» (for two or more).

Exploring ‘Azul’ Color in English and Spanish

The color azul in Spanish, known as blue in English, is a hue that spans from the deep azul marino (navy blue) to the serene azul cielo (sky blue). In the spectrum of all colors in Spanish and English, blue stands out for its calm and tranquil presence which is why it’s a favorite in various cultural and design contexts.

Sentences Using Colors in Spanish

1. Recuerdo que mi color favorito cuando era niño era el amarillo.
(I remember that my favorite color when I was a child was yellow)

2. ¿Por qué pintaste tu casa de dorado?
(Why did you paint your house gold?)

3. ¿Por qué solo vistes camisas negras?
(Why do you only wear black shirts)

4. Los colores de la bandera de Estados Unidos son azul, rojo y blanco.
(The colors on the United States flag are blue, red, and white)

5. El agua apta para el consumo humano debe ser insípida, inodora e incolora.
(Water suitable for human consumption must be tasteless, odorless, and colorless)

I hope this article has been useful to you. If that is the case, I would appreciate if you share it. Don’t leave without having a look at all my Spanish lessons by clicking here. You’ll find comprehensive guides covering all colors in English, all colors Spanish speakers use, and even fun facts like all the colors in English that originally came from Spanish, such as «turquoise» from «turquesa». Keep exploring and enjoy the colorful journey!

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